QMajd has alhamdulillah published their second (or third, depending on how you count) newsletter! This one is all about Route 114, the sciences of the Qur’an. Insha’Allah check it out–it covers everything from notes on the Ameer (and how Majd managed to be the largest student body–800+ students) to crosswords to articles from our very own Ilm Fruits! So check it out insha’Allah, there’s lots of ‘ilm to benefit from.
- Qira’aat. Recitations. Like other parts of Islam, Qira’aat have been codified–it’s a science, just like the science of hadith. And, just like ahadith, qira’aat have different types. What kind of types? Four types, actually: Saheeh: Authentic qira’aat. To be saheeh, a qira’ah must have an authentic chain of narration back to the Prophet (S), and it must conform with the Uthmanic mushaf. There are ten of these puppies–not seven, as is the common misconception.
- Route 114: Qur’anic Sciences Route 114: Qur’anic Sciences is an AlMaghrib Institute course taught by Yasir Qadhi. The science of the Qur’an: one of the sciences that reaches out into and forms a foundation for almost every other Islamic science. Topics include: the definition of the Qur’an, the rewards of the Qur’an, the blessings of the Qur’an, the origin of the Qur’an, the recitation of the Qur’an (tajweed); the science of qira’at; ahruf; the science of tafseer; wahiy (revelation); Mecci and Madani verses; the arrangement of surahs and ayahs; abrogation; the miraculous nature of the Qur’an; translation; memorization.
- So what exactly is the Qur’an? Scholars define the Qur’an as this: The Arabic speech of Allah that was revealed to the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و سلم) both in word and in meaning. It is collected between the two covers of the mushaaf, was narrated in mutawaatir chains, and is a challenge to humankind. We can learn five important things about the Qur’an from this definition. The Arabic speech of Allah: The Qur’an is the speech of Allah, in Arabic.